Forest Understory

Forest Understory

Wyatt, J.L., M.R. Silman. 2010. Centuries-old logging legacy on spatial and temporal patterns in understory herb communities. Forest Ecology and Management, 260:116-124.

Kraft, L.S., T.R. Cow, D.S. Buckley, E.A. Nauertz, J.C. Zasada. 2004. Effects of harvesting and deer browsing on attributes of understory plants in northern hardwood forests, Upper Michigan, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 199:219-230.

Yanai, R.D., M.J. Twery, S.L. Stout. 1998. Woody understory response to changes in overstory density: thinning in Allegheny hardwoods. Forest Ecology and Management, 102:45-60.

Meier, A.J., S.P. Bratton, D.C. Duffy. 1995. Possible ecological mechanisms for loss of vernal-herb diversity in logged eastern deciduous forests. Ecological Applications, 5-4:935-946.

Duffy, D.C., A.J. Meier. 1992. Do Appalachian herbaceous understories ever recover from clearcutting? Conservation Biology, 6-2:196-201.

Gilliam, F.S., N.L. Turill, M.B. Adams. 1995. Herbaceous-layer and overstory species in clear-cut and mature central Appalachian hardwood forests. Ecological Applications, 5-4:947-955.

Harrelson, S.M., G.R. Matlack. 2006. Influence of stand age and physical environment on the herb composition of second-growth forest, Strouds Run, Ohio, USA. Journal of Biogeography, 33:1139-1149.

Ellum, D.S., M.S. Ashton, T.G. Siccama. 2010. Spatial pattern in herb diversity and abundance of second growth mixed deciduous-evergreen forest of southern New England, USA. Forest Ecology and Management, 259:1416-1426.

Orwig, D.A., M.D. Abrams. 1995. Dendroecological and ecophysiological analysis of gap environment in mixed-oak understoreys of Northern Virginia. British Ecological Society, 9-6:799-806.