Forest Succession, Development, and History

Forest Succession, Development and History

 Ellsworth, J.W., B.C. McComb. 2003. Potential effects of passenger pigeon flocks on the structure and composition of presettlement forests of eastern North America. Conservation Biology, 17-6:1548-1558.

 Abrams, M.D., M.L. Scott. 1989. Disturbance-mediated accelerated succession in two Michigan forest types. Forest Science, 35-1:42-49.

 Hart, J.L., H.D. Grissino-Mayer. 2008. Vegetation patterns and dendroecology of a mixed hardwood forest on the Cumberland Plateau: Implications for stand development. Forest Ecology and Management, 255:1960-1975.

 Hooker, T.D., J.E. Compton. 2003. Forest ecosystem carbon and nitrogen accumulation during the first century after agricultural abandonment. Ecological Applications, 13-2:299-313.

 Trani, M.K., R.T. Brooks, T.L. Schmidt, V.A. Rudis, C.M. Gabbard. 2001. Patterns and trends of early successional forests in the eastern United States. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 29-2:413-424.

 Askins, R.A. 2001. Sustaining biological diversity in early successional communities: the challenge of managing unpopular habitats. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 29-2:407-494.

 McEwan, R.W., B.C. McCarthy. 2008. Anthropogenic disturbance and the formation of oak savanna in central Kentucky, USA. Journal of Biogeography, 35:965-975.

 Crow, R. 1988. Reproductive mode and mechanisms for self-replacement of northern red oak. Forest Science, 34-1:19-40.

 Kittredge, D.B. Jr., P. Mark, S. Ashton. 1990. Natural regeneration patterns in even-aged mixed stands in southern New England. Northern Journal of Applied Forestry, 7-4:163-168.

Braun, E.L. 1947. Development of the deciduous forests of eastern North America. Ecological Monographs, 17-2:211-219.

 Odum, E.P. 1969. The strategy of ecosystem development. Science: New Series, 164-3877:262-270.

 Lindeman, R.L. 1942. The trophic-dynamic aspect of ecology. Ecology, 23-4:399-417.

 Abrams, M.D., D.A. Orwig, T.E. Demeo. 1995. Dendroecological analysis of successional dynamics for a presettlement- origin white-pine-mixed-oak forest in the southern Appalachians, USA. Journal of Ecology, 83-1:123-133.

 Larsen, D.R., P.S. Johnson. 1998. Linking the ecology of natural oak regeneration to silviculture. Forest Ecology and Management, 106:1-7.

 Whittaker, R.H. 1967. Gradient Analysis of Vegetation. Biological Review, 49:207-264.

 Odum, H.T. 1988. Self-organization, transformity, and information. Science, 242:1132-1139.

 Oliver, C.D., E.P. Stephens. 1977. Reconstruction of a mixed-species forest in central New England. Ecology, 58-3:562-572.